Moped Laws: Europe

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European Union

Moped and motorcycle laws are presently in a state of flux. The EU has made many efforts recently to unify member states' moped and motorcycle laws, but it is left up to each country to enforce them, and many laws are still different. In January 2013, a new European driver's licence will become available across the EU. A class AM licence (in certain countries known as a class M or class H) will allow someone 16 years old to ride a vehicle with a maximum design speed of 45 kph (27 mph). This will also take effect in three non-EU countries: Iceland, Norway, and Lichtenstein.

United Kingdom

The UK generally has slightly lighter restrictions on what's a moped than the US. Bikes with manual transmissions, like the Honda MB-5, were classed as mopeds, while in the US they tended to classed be motorcycles. Mopeds (and anything else under 200cc) must pass the Class I Ministry of Transport test (the MOT Test) to be ridden legally on public roads. This test covers areas such as brakes, lights, suspension, tires, and other parts with a direct impact on safety. It does not cover the mechanical condition of the engine or transmission, nor does it cover any aftermarket modifications. These tests can be fairly strict, however, so be sure that your bike is in top condition prior to the test. If you fail because of a minor problem, you can often return within a few days and get re-tested for free.

France

Certain moped laws in France are very strict. For example, you must carry your original registration documents with you at all times when riding; you may be fined over €100 if you are caught riding without your registration.

Italy

You must ride with a helmet in Italy. Mopeds-scooters must have registration and license plates. A specific license is also required. The way driving-riding licenses work in Italy is complicated, it has mostly to do with when you got you license. All vehicles including cars, trucks, trailers and motorcycles are subject to periodic safety and emission inspection.


Netherlands

To drive a moped in the Netherlands the moped must have a license plate and insurance. Mopeds limited at 25km/h with a blue dutch license plate can be driven without a helmet. Mopeds with a design speed between 25km/h and 45km/h must have a yellow license plate and are not allowed tot drive without a helmet. You must carry your original registration documents with you at all times when riding.

Germany

In Germany there are two different types of motor-driven cycles that are recognized by the government. They both require registration through the local authorities and a license plate and insurance to ride legally on the roads as well as a helmet. There are roads that have a sign which do not allow for these types of mopeds or scooters even though they are under the speed limit that is allowed on them.

MOFA: -It must be less than 50cc -It must use less than 0.5 Kw of power -It must weigh no more than 30 Kg when empty -The front wheel must be no more than 26cm wide -The back wheel must be no more than 28cm wide -Speeds no greater than 45km/h (about 30mph) -Can have pedals or no pedals (also known as a mokick) -Can have gears but no more that 4 (4-gang)

MOPED: -Must be less than 50cc -Must use less than 5 Kw of power -It must weigh no more than 100 Kg when empty -No wheel restrictions -Speeds no greater than 60km/h (about 40mph) -Can have pedals or no pedals -Can have gears, no resriction on amount -Can ride with passenger

If you are coming from out of country you will need a proof of residence, a proof of insurance, a temp visa, or application proof for a visa to be able to register a bike here.

Modification of a Mofa is PROHIBITED and is a hefty fine and bike confiscation if the police catch you. Although modification of a Moped is legal but you must stay under specific power restrictions and check your local laws for the noise polution (db) number before putting a new exhaust on.

Spain

Sweden

There are 3 Types of mopeds in Sweden. Rules for all types: Minimum age 15 years. Passenger allowed if the moped is constructed for it. All moped drivers must ride with a helmet in Sweden. All must have an trafic assurance and carry it with you. No annually tests. No emission limit. (Stockholm is discussion it.)

Old types registrated before june 2003. Maximum design speed of 30 kmh. Max 50 cc. Max 1 hp New drivers must minimum have a light drivers licence without trafic testing. No registration or licence plate.

New EU class II. After june 2003 Maximum design speed of 25 kmh New drivers must minimum have a light drivers licence without trafic testing. No registration or licence plate.

New class I. After june 2003 Maximum design speed of 45 kmh New drivers must minimum have a AM licence with trafic testing. Registration and white licence plate.