Help:Tables

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Wiki Tables

Tables may be authored in wiki pages using either HTML table elements directly, or using wikicode formating to define the table. HTML table elements and their use are well described on various web pages and will not be discussed here. The benefit of wikicode is that the table is constructed of character symbols which tend to make it easier to perceive the table structure in the article editing view compared to HTML table elements.

A good general rule of thumb is to avoid using a table unless you need to. Table markup often complicates page editing.

Wiki Table Markup Summary

{| start table
|+ table caption, optional; only one per table and between table start and first row
|- table row, optional on first row -- wiki engine assumes the first row
! table header cell, optional. Consecutive table headers may be added on same line separated by double marks (!!) or start on new lines, each with its own single mark (!).
| table data cell, required! Consecutive table data cells may be added on same line separated by double marks (||) or start on new lines, each with its own single mark (|).
|} end table
  • The above marks must start on a new line except the double || and !! for optionally adding consecutive cells to a line.
  • XHTML attributes. Each mark, except table end, optionally accepts one or more XHTML attributes. Attributes must be on the same line as the mark. Separate attributes from each other with a single space.
    • Cells and caption (| or ||, ! or !!, and |+) hold content. So separate any attributes from content with a single pipe (|). Cell content may follow on same line or on following lines.
    • Table and row marks ({| and |-) do not directly hold content. Do not add pipe (|) after their optional attributes. If you erroneously add a pipe after attributes for the table mark or row mark the parcer will delete it and your final attribute if it was touching the erroneouse pipe!
  • Content may (a) follow its cell mark on the same line after any optional XHTML attributes or (b) on lines below the cell mark. Content that uses wiki markup that itself needs to start on a new line, such as lists, headers, or nested tables, must of course be on its own new line.

Simple Table

Plain

The following table lacks borders and good spacing but shows the simplest wiki markup table structure

Garelli Vespa
Carb Petcock
Beer Ice Cream
{|
|Garelli
|Vespa
|-
|Carb
|Petcock
|-
|Beer
|Ice Cream
|}

Alternative

For more table-ish looking wiki markup cells can be listed on one line separated by ||. This does not scale well for longer cell content such as paragraphs. It works well for short bits of content however, such as our example table.

Extra spaces within cells in the wiki markup can be added, as I have done in the wiki markup below, to make the wiki markup itself look better but they do not effect the actual table rendering.

HTML attributes can be added to this table following the examples in other tables on this page but have been left out of the following example for simplicity.

Garelli Vespa more
Carb Petcock more
Beer Ice Cream and more
{|
|  Garelli    ||   Vespa   ||   more
|-
|   Carb    ||   Petcock    ||   more
|-
|   Beer   || Ice Cream   ||  and more
|}

With HTML Attributes

You can add HTML attributes to make your table look better

border="1"

Garelli Vespa
Carb Petcock
Beer Ice Cream
{| border="1"
|Garelli
|Vespa
|-
|Carb
|Petcock
|-
|Beer
|Ice Cream
|}

align="center" border="1"

Garelli Vespa
Carb Petcock
Beer Ice Cream
{| align="center" border="1"
|Garelli
|Vespa
|-
|Carb
|Petcock
|-
|Beer
|Ice Cream
|}

align="right" border="1"

You can put attributes on individual cells. Numbers for example may look better aligned right

Garelli Vespa 3.00
Carb Petcock 256.3
Beer Ice Cream 42,569.04
{| border="1"
|Garelli
|Vespa
|align="right"|12,333.00
|-
|Carb
|Petcock
|align="right"|500.00
|-
|Beer
|Ice Cream
|align="right"|1.00
|}


You can put attributes on individual rows, too.

Garelli Vespa 12,333.00
Carb Petcock 500.00
Beer Ice Cream 1.00
{| border="1"
|Garelli
|Vespa
|align="right"|12,333.00
|-
|Carb
|Petcock
|align="right"|500.00
|- style="font-style:italic;color:green;"
|Beer
|Ice Cream
|align="right"|1.00
|}

cellspacing="0" border="1"

Garelli Vespa
Carb Petcock
Beer Ice Cream
{| cellspacing="0" border="1"
|Garelli
|Vespa
|-
|Carb
|Petcock
|-
|Beer
|Ice Cream
|}

cellpadding="20" cellspacing="0" border="1"

Garelli Vespa
Carb Petcock
Beer Ice Cream
{| cellpadding="20" cellspacing="0" border="1"
|Garelli
|Vespa
|-
|Carb
|Petcock
|-
|Beer
|Ice Cream
|}

With HTML Attributes and CSS Styles

CSS style attributes can be added with or without other HTML attributes style="color:green;background-color:#ffffcc;" cellpadding="20" cellspacing="0" border="1"

Garelli Vespa
Carb Petcock
Beer Ice Cream
{| style="color:green;background-color:#ffffcc;" cellpadding="20" cellspacing="0" border="1"
|Garelli
|Vespa
|-
|Carb
|Petcock
|-
|Beer
|Ice Cream
|}

Table with TH Headings

TH (HTML table headings) can be created by using ! instead of |. Headings usually show up bold and centered by default.

Top Headings

Each Column

Moped stuff Other moped stuff
Garelli Vespa
Carb Petcock
Beer Ice Cream
{| border="1" cellpadding="20" cellspacing="0"
!Moped stuff
!Other moped stuff
|-
|Garelli
|Vespa
|-
|Carb
|Petcock
|-
|Beer
|Ice Cream
|}

Colspan="2"

Moped stuff
Garelli Vespa
Carb Petcock
Beer Ice Cream
{| border="1" cellpadding="20" cellspacing="0"
! colspan="2"|Moped stuff
|-
|Garelli
|Vespa
|-
|Carb
|Petcock
|-
|Beer
|Ice Cream
|}

Side Headings

Default

Mopeds Garelli Vespa
Moped Parts Carb Petcock
Complements Beer Ice Cream
{| border="1" cellpadding="20" cellspacing="0"
!Mopeds
|Garelli
|Vespa
|-
!Moped Parts
|Carb
|Petcock
|-
!Complements
|Beer
|Ice Cream 
|}

Right Justify

Right justified side headings can be done as follows

Mopeds Garelli Vespa
Moped Parts Carb Petcock
Complements Beer Ice Cream
{| border="1" cellpadding="20" cellspacing="0"
!align="right" |Mopeds
|Garelli
|Vespa
|-
!align="right" |Moped Parts
|Carb
|Petcock
|-
!align="right" |Complements
|Beer
|Ice Cream
|}

Caption

A table caption can be added to the top of any table as follows

Moped Stuff
Garelli Vespa
Carb Petcock
Beer Ice cream
{| border="1" cellpadding="20" cellspacing="0"
|+Moped Stuff
|-
|Garelli
|Vespa
|-
|Carb
|Petcock
|-
|Beer
|Ice cream 
|}

Attributes can be added to the caption as follows

Moped Stuff
Garelli Vespa
Carb Petcock
Beer Ice cream
{| border="1" cellpadding="20" cellspacing="0"
|+align="bottom" style="color:#66CC66;"|''Moped Stuff''
|-
|Garelli
|Vespa
|-
|Carb
|Petcock
|-
|Beer
|Ice cream  
|}

Table with H1, H2, H3 etc. headings

HTML H1, H2, H3, H4 etc. headings can be created the standard wiki markup way with ==equal== signs and must be on a line all by themselves to work.

Preview the whole table. If you click on an edit tab for a heading within a table, edit, and preview, the parent table will display erroneously broken because part of it will be missing.

Keep the heading hierarchy consistent with the rest of the page so that the table of contents at page top works correctly.

Moped Stuff

Garelli Vespa
Carb Petcock
Beer Ice cream
{| border="1" cellpadding="20" cellspacing="0"
|colspan="2"|
===Moped Stuff===
|-
|Garelli
|Vespa
|-
|Carb
|Petcock
|-
|Beer
|Ice cream  
|}


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