If the bike originally came with a loose-ball bearing, then you need to keep it that way, unless you can find a set of tapered rollerbearings to perfectly replace the old cups, cones and balls.
The balls themselves are very cheap. You can replace the entire set for about $2 if you buy them at the right place, like a bearing supply house.
As stated before, to reinstall loose balls in the lower bearing, you pack the race with grease, then carefully push the correct number of balls into the grease. They will stay there long enough to reassemble the steering.
If you don't know how many balls each race needs, there is a simple rule of thumb. Install as many balls as you can get into the race, then remove one. Do this on the top race, then count the number of balls, and install the same number into the bottom race.
The parts manual for most any ped will tell you the quantity of balls used in each race.