Anyone who takes the bible entirely literally today had better have a backyard full of goats for various forms of restitution. Why? The bible COMMANDS IT!
Leviticus 5:6 ESV /
He shall bring to the Lord as his compensation for the sin that he has committed, a female from the flock, a lamb or a goat, for a sin offering. And the priest shall make atonement for him for his sin.
Numbers 15:27 ESV /
“If one person sins unintentionally, he shall offer a female goat a year old for a sin offering.
Exodus 22:1-31 ESV / ay five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep. If a thief is found breaking in and is struck so that he dies, there shall be no bloodguilt for him, but if the sun has risen on him, there shall be bloodguilt for him. He shall surely pay. If he has nothing, then he shall be sold for his theft. If the stolen beast is found alive in his possession, whether it is an ox or a donkey or a sheep, he shall pay double. “If a man causes a field or vineyard to be grazed over, or lets his beast loose and it feeds in another man's field, he shall make restitution from the best in his own field and in his own vineyard.
Numbers 15:24 ESV /
Then if it was done unintentionally without the knowledge of the congregation, all the congregation shall offer one bull from the herd for a burnt offering, a pleasing aroma to the Lord, with its grain offering and its drink offering, according to the rule, and one male goat for a sin offering
Numbers 7:23 ESV /
And for the sacrifice of peace offerings, two oxen, five rams, five male goats, and five male lambs a year old.