here is an email i got about mopeds in russia - thought you'd all be interested:
I just wanted to make you know about moped enthusiasts here in Russia.
Interested? I'm sending the pics of the mopeds that the Russians have been
running for many years. However, some of the models, such as Pilot and
Krokha became available just in the recent years. I will briefly describe
As to me, I live near Saint-Petersburg city and run my Riga moped that my
grandfather bought in 1968. To get it going, I had to buy a brand-new
engine, so I'm still breaking it in. The engine looks as that on Delta,
Stella and Carpaty-2 photos. It's got 2 gears, 2 horses, 49.8 cc, manually
operated clutch and foot-operated gear shifting, and can run as fast as 35
FYI, in Russia you don't have to have a driver's license to run a moped -
just got to be over 14 y.o. According to the laws, the moped is a vehicle
powered by internal combustion engine having a 50 cc displacement, or less,
and unable to exceed 25 mph (40 km/h). The fun is that no policeman cares
how fast your moped is and whether you have a conventional 49.8 cc cylinder
or a 60cc, or 70 cc - no matter! There is a whole lotta 4-wheeled jerks to
care about! Of course, this is true only when you are smart enough not to
cause a road accident...
Okay, now let's get down to the bikes:
Carpaty-2 (carp-2.jpg): manufactured in Ukraine, engine type V-50 (S-68 on
earlier makes). Specifications as mentioned above. Gears are shifted
Delta (delta.jpg) and Stella (stella.jpg) are produced in Riga (Latvia). Can
be equipped with the V-50 or a V-501 engine. The latter has an improved
design of cylinder finning as well as foot-operated gear shifting. This is
the engine I'm using myself.
Riga-13 (riga.jpg) is currently produced in Saint-Petersburg. Looks pretty
scary, doesn't it? Its engine is made by the same factory which is called
"Krasny Oktyabr" (Red October). I was extremely surprised to find out the
other day that a similar engine is manufactured and sold in the US! It's
called Wizard. I'll send you the photo - they are strikingly similar! So, if
anyone knows the historical background, please let me know.
Krokha is a motorized bike made in Belaruss. It uses the same D-8 engine as
the previous one. The engine is a little weaker than V-50. It's got 45 cc
displacement, single gear, manual dry clutch and delivers 1 horsepower at
4.500 rpm. The engine was designed a very long time ago, back in the late
50s, I guess. It's installed exactly the same way as Wizard. However, the
Krokha itslef was released a couple of years ago.
And the last one, the Pilot (pilot.jpg). It is the latest moped released
into the market (1998), and the only one entirely made in Russia (the others
are from former USSR member republics), and, finally, the best we currently
have. It was designed all from the scratch at the old motorbike factory (and
a military enterprise at the same time). Despite the unchanged engine
capacity, it out-performs all other makes in power (3.5 hp at 5.000 rpm)
and, consequently, the speed. While the manufacturer states the standard 25
mph speed - higher speeds for mopeds require a motorcycle driving license -
the bike is surely capable of more! People say it can run 45 mph after
break-in. It's the only potentially overdrivable bike.
So, that's what we are riding in Russia. I've surely forgotten something,
and I hope to have a feedback from anyone of you.
Danila Kovalyov (or just Daniel)
<img src="/img/misc/russia - Carp-2.jpg" width="300" height="200">
<img src="/img/misc/russia - d-8efront.jpg" width="350" height="324">
<img src="/img/misc/russia - Delta.jpg" width="300" height="218">
<img src="/img/misc/russia - krokha.jpg" width="300" height="206">
<img src="/img/misc/russia - Pilot.jpg" width="300" height="224">
<img src="/img/misc/russia - riga.jpg" width="299" height="229">
<img src="/img/misc/russia - Stella.jpg" width="300" height="254">