Moped Laws: Canada

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Moped laws in Canada for legal moped usage vary from province to province across the country. You may be able to find information on your province's transportation website, but the purpose of this page is to provide a brief guideline to provincial regulations.

Alberta

  • Drivers in Alberta are required to have a Class 7 Licence, allowing them to operate:
            * A moped;
            * A motorcycle, as a learner only, if the operator is at least 16 years of age.
  • The minimum learning or licencing age is 14, and the applicant is required to complete a written test and vision screening.
  • All mopeds are required to be licenced and insured, and the operator must wear a helmet.


British Columbia

In British Columbia, moped riders are permitted to operate a Limited Speed Motorcycle (LSM) with any class of driver’s licence. You cannot operate a LSM on a learner’s licence other than a Class 6 or 8 motorcycle learner’s licence. In British Columbia, limited speed vehicles are motorcycles, mopeds and motor scooters with:

  • An engine displacement of 50 cc or less (or less than 1.5 kW of power if other than a piston engine),
  • A transmission that does not require shifting or a clutch,
  • A maximum speed of 70 km/h,
  • Wheels that are at least 254 mm (10 inches) in diameter and;
  • A dry weight of 95 kg or less.
  • All mopeds and limited-speed motorcycles are required to be licenced and insured by law; operator must wear a helmet.

Manitoba

Riders require a class 5 learners license. All bikes must be registered and insured.

"Moped" means a motor vehicle which (a) has 2 tandem wheels or 3 wheels, each of which is more than 250 millimetres in diameter, (b) has a seat or saddle having a minimum unladen height of 650 millimetres, when measured from the ground level to the top of the forwardmost part of the seat or saddle, (c) is capable of being driven at all times by pedals only if so equipped, by motor only, or by both pedals and motor, and the motor has a piston displacement of not more than 50 cubic centimetres, or is an electric motor neither of which is capable of enabling the moped to attain a speed greater than 50 kilometres per hour; (« cyclomoteur »)

a) Every motor vehicle other than a motorcycle, mobility vehicle or moped and special mobile machine shall carry (i) at least two, but not more than four, headlamps, an equal number of which shall be on each side of the front of the vehicle and each of which shall cast a white light only, (ii) at least one lamp, and, where the motor vehicle is, or has been advertised to be, a motor vehicle of the model or make of the year 1968 or of any subsequent year, at least two lamps, which, or each of which, shall cast a red light to the rear of the vehicle, and (iii) a lamp or lamps, which may be the lamp or lamps required under sub-clause (ii) and which, or one or more of which, illuminates with a white light the rear number plate of the vehicle, if any. (b) Every motor vehicle other than a tractor or a moped shall carry a "stop" signal lamp so constructed and placed at the back of the vehicle as to show a "stop" light, red in colour.

(k) In addition to the lamps required under clause (d), every moped shall carry on the back thereof one reflector, having a diameter of not less than 75 millimetres, and which shall be so placed as to be illuminated by lights of a vehicle approaching from the rear and shall cast a red reflection visible under normal atmospheric conditions from a distance of 150 metres.


35-1(c) Subject to subsection (10), (i) every motor vehicle shall carry at the front and the back thereof, and (ii) every trailer shall carry at the back thereof, lamps that may be lighted intermittently or in flashes as a signal that the vehicle is about to be turned to the right or the left according as the lamps are lighted on the right or the left side of the front and rear of the vehicle; and any such lamp that is affixed to the back of the vehicle shall cast a red or amber light and any such lamp that is affixed to the front of the vehicle shall cast a white or amber light. Application of clause (1)(c) 35(10) Clause (1)(c) does not apply to a motor cycle of the model or make of the year 1974 or earlier, or to a moped

Lamps to be lighted during operation 35(12) Notwithstanding subsection (11), the headlamps on a motorcycle of the model year 1975 or later and the lamps required on a moped or mobility vehicle under clause (1)(d) shall be lighted at all times when the motorcycle, moped or mobility vehicle, as the case may be, is being operated on a highway.

Intensity of headlamp of moped or mobility vehicle 36(3) Notwithstanding clause (1)(c)or subsection 35(3), every moped or mobility vehicle shall be equipped with one headlamp of such intensity, and so aimed as to reveal, under normal atmospheric conditions, persons and vehicles within a distance of 30 metres ahead, under any conditions of loading of the moped.

Speedometers required 46(1) Every motor vehicle shall be equipped with a speedometer in good working condition, designed to show as nearly as possible the speed at which the motor vehicle is travelling. Odometer required 46(2) Every motor vehicle other than a motorcycle, mobility vehicle, moped, tractor or snowmobile, shall be equipped with an odometer in good working order.

Splashguards required 48 Every motor vehicle and every trailer, except a farm trailer, shall, when upon a highway, be equipped with splashguards or fenders adequate to reduce effectively the wheel spray or splash of water from the roadway to the rear thereof, unless adequate protection is afforded by the body of the motor vehicle or trailer or by a trailer drawn by the motor vehicle; and the splashguard shall comply with the standards prescribed therefor under the regulations.


44(1) Every motor vehicle while being driven on a highway shall be equipped with a horn in good working order and capable of emitting sound audible, under normal conditions, from a distance of not less than 60 metres and the horn shall be sounded whenever it is reasonably necessary.


45(1) Every motor vehicle shall be equipped with a noise muffler in good working order which shall be in constant operation while the engine is running to prevent excessive or unusual noise; and no person shall equip a motor vehicle with, or use a motor vehicle equipped with, a muffler cut-out, straight exhaust, gutted muffler, hollywood muffler, by-pass, or any device which has the effect of by-passing or reducing the effectiveness of a noise muffler.

Nova Scotia

In Nova Scotia's motor vehicle act, a moped is called a "motor assisted cycle". This is defined as a

  • having two tandem wheels each with a rim diameter greater than 10 inches,
  • having steering handlebars completely constrained from rotating in relation to the axle of one wheel in contact with the ground,
  • with a wheelbase greater than 40 inches,
  • with a seat height unladen greater than 28 inches above the level surface on which the vehicle stands,
  • having an engine not capable of developing more than 5 brake horsepower as measured at the driveshaft,
  • not capable of maintaining a speed of 40 miles per hour (64 kilometres per hour)when laden.

The bike must be registered, and insured. The plate costs $17.50.

Ontario

Motor-Assisted Bicycles (Mopeds)

Like limited-speed motorcycles, mopeds can be operated on roads in Ontario.

You will no longer be permitted to drive a moped on any driver's licence. New moped drivers will be required to take road tests.

A new, restricted class M licence for limited-speed motorcycle (LSM) and moped drivers was introduced on November 28, 2005. This new restricted class M licence has a condition that allows licence holders to drive limited-speed motorcycles and mopeds only.

To operate these vehicles on the roadway:

   * driver must hold the new restricted class M licence for limited-speed motorcycles/mopeds (Class M2 with L restriction or M with L restriction or a valid motorcycle licence (Class M1, M2 or M);
   * approved motorcycle helmet is required;
   * vehicle must be insured and registered and have a valid licence plate;
   * no passengers allowed;
   * they must meet federal safety standards for a limited speed motorcycle;
   * motor-assisted bicycles are not allowed to travel on 400 series highways.

A motor-assisted bicycle is a bicycle that:

   * is fitted with pedals that are operable at all times to propel the bicycle;
   * weighs not more than 55 kilograms;
   * has no hand or foot operated clutch or gearbox driven by the motor and transferring power to the driven wheel;
   * has a piston displacement of not more that 50 cubic centimetres; and,
   * does not attain a speed greater than 50 km/hr on level ground within a distance of 2 km from a standing start.


Limited-Speed Motorcycles (scooter or noped)

Can be operated as a limited-speed motorcycle on roads in Ontario

A new, restricted class M licence for limited-speed motorcycle (LSM) and moped drivers was introduced on November 28, 2005. This new restricted class M licence has a condition that allows licence holders to drive limited-speed motorcycles and mopeds only.

A Limited-Speed Motorcycle must meet vehicle requirements as defined under the federal Motor Vehicle Safety Act (MVSA). However, in order to use a limited-speed motorcycle, the driver must comply with the operating requirements of a motorcycle under provincial regulations. A limited-speed motorcycle has a maximum attainable speed of 70 km/h or less.

To operate these vehicles on a roadway:

   * driver must hold the new restricted class M licence for limited-speed motorcycles and mopeds (Class M2 with L condition or M with L condition or a valid motorcycle licence (Class M1, M2 or M);
   * the vehicle must be insured, registered and have a valid licence plate (a new licence plate for LSMs will be available March 27, 2006);
   * the operator must wear an approved motorcycle helmet;
   * allowed to carry passengers with full licence- but not recommended;
   * cannot operate on certain highways, for example, 400 series highway.

A limited-speed motorcycle is:

  1. a motorcycle that:
        1. can attain a rate of speed of more than 32 km/hr on level ground within a distance of 1.6 kilometres from a standing start;
        2. has a maximum attainable speed of 70 km/hr or less;
        3. has steering handlebars that are completely constrained from rotating in relation to the axle of only one wheel in contact with the ground;
        4. has a minimum seat height, when the vehicle is unladen, of 650 millimetres;
        5. has a minimum wheel rim diameter of 250 millimetres and a minimum wheelbase of 1016 millimetres;
        6. has a maximum engine displacement of 50 cubic centimetres or less; or,
  2. if the motorcycle was manufactured on, or after, September 1, 1988, it must have affixed a compliance label required under the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Canada) that identifies the motor vehicle as a limited-speed motorcycle.

Quebec

  • According to Quebec law, mopeds or motorized scooters are passenger vehicles that have two or three wheels. They are equipped with an automatic transmission and have an engine with a cylinder displacement of 50 cc or less.
  • Operating a moped or scooter requires a class 6D licence. Holders of all other classes (other than class 8: Farm Tractor) of driver's licence or probationary licence are authorized to operate a moped or scooter.
  • Conditions for obtaining a class 6D licence
   * Minimum age: 14 (parental consent required if an applicant is a minor)
   * Vision test: Yes
   * Specialized driving course: No
   * Home study program: Yes
   * Learner’s licence: No
   * Knowledge test: Yes
   * Road test: No 
  • An individual who holds a class 6D driver’s licence (moped or motorized scooter) and is under age 25, is subject to a special series of restrictions, namely:
   * zero alcohol; and
   * licence suspension once a driver reaches 4 demerit points on his or her record. 
  • Licencing, liability insurance, and a helmet are all required by law in Quebec.


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